Women's Support Center
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Legislative Achievements

 2004

• The issuance of Law No. (11) for the year 2004 for mandatory pre-marital health checks that led to the reduction of hereditary blood diseases.

2005

• The amendment of the Passport Law: (the deletion of the article that required the approval of the husband for the wife to apply for a passport) Married women can apply for passports without the need for their husbands’ permission.

• The amendment of Law No. (13) for the year 2005 to alter a number of civil and commercial articles of the Evidence Law promulgated by Decree Law No. (14) for the year 1996 to make the process of proving a women’s financial contribution towards the family during marriage easier and more efficient.

• Amend the law of Sharia court procedures so that Sharia cases are given “urgent” status ensuring that the cases are fast-tracked.

• The issuance of Law No. (34) for the year 2005 to establish the Alimony Fund and the amendment of this law by Law No. (33) for the year 2009 to include the children of Bahraini women who are married to non-Bahrainis to benefit from this fund provided that the woman and her children reside in Bahrain.

2006

• The amendment of Law No. (18) for the year 2006 that governs social security to ensure that children of Bahraini women who are married to non-Bahrainis are treated like their Bahraini counterparts with respect to welfare services.

2009

• The issuance of Law No. (19) for the year 2009 that issued the Family Law (Part 1) that governs family relations, marriage, divorce and child custody, etc.

• The issuance of Law No. (35) for the year 2009 to treat the non-Bahraini wife of a Bahraini and the children of Bahraini women who are married to a non-Bahraini like a Bahraini citizen with regards to fees for government provided health and education services and residency fees

2010

• The issuance of Law No. (19) for the year 2010 to amend article no. (80) of the Social Security Law promulgated by Legislative Decree No. (24) for the year 1976 to state that grandchildren of a deceased grandparent from either parent have the right to their grandparent’s previously entitled pension as it would have been given to their parent.

2012

• The issuance of Law no. (36) for 2012 on the promulgation of the Labor Law in the Private Sector, regarding the implementation of the law provisions on working men and women in an equal manner without discrimination as per their job positions.

2014

• Approval of His Majesty the King of Law No. (47) for the year 2014 to amend some rules of the cassation court law issued by law decree No. (8) for the year 1989 to allow cassation with regards to the final sentences of the Sharia courts, equal to sentences of civil court, with the exception of divorce cases.

• Issuance of Royal Decree No. (59) for the year 2014, regarding the conditions of the appointment of Shura Council members, including the second article text on the adequate representation of women.

• Issuance of Decree Law No. (70) for the year 2014 to amend some of the rulings of the Decree Law No. (5) for the year 2002 regarding the ratification of CEDAW, including the reformulation of some of the reservations of the Kingdom of Bahrain, stating that the Kingdom is committed to implement the articles 2, 15 paragraph 4 and 16 without prejudice to Islamic Sharia Law.

2015

• Issuance of Decree Law No. (22) for the year 2015 amending the provisions of the proceedings law before the Sharia courts issued ensuring the mandatory referral of the domestic disputes to the Family Reconciliation Office before being presented to Sharia Courts.

• Issuance of Decree No. (23) for the year 2015 amending the provisions of the Court of Cassation law issued, which accepts the appeal to the Court of Cassation with judgments issued by Sharia courts.

• Issuance of Decree No. (24) for the year 2015 amending the provisions of the Judicial Authority Law issued No. (42) for the year 2002.

• Issuance of Law No. (17) for the year 2015 with regards to the protection from domestic violence. In that respect, the Supreme Council for Women launched in November 2015, the National Strategy for the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence.

Achievements at Ministerial Decisions and Circulars Level:

2003

• Offer social allowance to women employees.

2004

• Decision no. (12) for the year 2004 that states the right of Bahraini women to benefit from state provided housing services and grants divorced and widowed women the right to apply for housing services from the state.

• Establish women complaints offices in each governorate.

2005

• Allocate social centers to be the location for parents to meet with their children in cases of parent separation.

2006

• Decision no. (28) for the year 2006 concerning social security that added the categories of widows, divorcees, abandoned wives, and unmarried women to the beneficiary group.

• Amendment of marriage contract template to grant the two parties the right to state special conditions to organize marriage rules between them, especially the conditions which women are allowed to state such as accommodation, education, job and financial contribution.

2008

• Decision No. (1) for the year 2008 regarding the equal treatment of diplomatic women to their men counterparts with regards to allowances.

• Decision No. (56) for the year 2008 regarding allowing the employment of two people for the employment of one Bahraini woman in order to encourage the employment of Bahraini women in the labor force.

2011

• The issuance of a circular from the Ministry of Finance regarding appropriations, regulations and instructions for the implementation of the state budget for the fiscal years 2011-2012 that included a special provision regarding the application of the principle of equal opportunities and gender sensitive budgeting.

2013

• Cabinet’s order no. (77) for the year 2013 regarding the approval of the regulations on the salaries and allowances for the employees of the Civil Service Bureau, granting married women employees the right to receive the same allowance as married men employees, which guarantees equality between men and women in terms of social allowance.

• Decision No. (16) for the year 2013 regarding specifying the duties, occasions and jobs that women are not permitted to work in during the night time.

2014

• Cabinet’s decision on 11 January 2014 on the approval of draft law to amend some of the provisions of the nationality law of 1963, to allow the children of Bahraini women married to non-Bahraini men to obtain the Bahraini nationality according to certain conditions, and to transfer it to the legislative authority according to the constitutional procedures.

• Cabinet’s decision on 19 January 2014 on the approval of the representatives’ proposal to establish a sports center for women.

• Decision of civil service bureau No. (4) for the year 2014 to establish permanent equal opportunity committees at all ministries and governmental entities.

• Issuance of a circular by the Governor of the Central Bank of Bahrain to ensure the approval of the requests of women in all financial institutions to open accounts for their children, in light of numerous irregularities observed by the Central Bank. This had stated as a condition for the continuation of the license and the adoption of the Central Bank of the financial institutions operating in Bahrain.

2015

• The issuance of the Decision No. (84) for the year 2015 by the Minister of Justice, Islamic Affairs regarding the establishment of the Family Reconciliation Office which defined the rules and procedures necessary to carry out the functions of the office, ensuring the mandatory referral of family disputes to the office before being presented to Sharia courts.

• The issuance of Decision No. (909) for the year 2015 dated 1 October, 2015 by the Minister of Housing which stated in Article (3) that divorced, abandoned, widowed women without children, or unmarried orphan women, are granted temporary housing.

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